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酒精是怎样杀死一个 24 岁男生的?

以下文章来源于腾讯医典 ,作者腾讯医典

来源丨腾讯医典(ID:Dr_TXyidian)

特约作者:刘萍萍 | 注册营养师

审稿专家:左小霞 | 解放军总医院第八医学中心营养科主任

参考文献

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[ 2 ] 姜莹莹 , 徐晓慧 , 徐婷玲 , 等 . 中国人群饮酒疾病负担及应对措施 [ J ] . 中华预防医学杂志 ,2020,54 ( 07 ) : 731-736.

[ 3 ] J ü RGEN REHM, BENJAMIN TAYLOR, SATYA MOHAPATRA, et al.Alcohol as a risk factor for liver cirrhosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis [ J ] .,2010:437-445.

[ 4 ] Millwood I Y , Walters R G , Mei X W , et al. Conventional and genetic evidence on alcohol and vascular disease aetiology: a prospective study of 500 000 men and women in China [ J ] . Lancet, 2019.

[ 5 ] National Cancer Institute. Alcohol and Cancer Risk.https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/alcohol/alcohol-fact-sheet, September 13, 2018

[ 6 ] Wang M , Jiang X , Wu W , et al. A meta-analysis of alcohol consumption and the risk of gout [ J ] . Clinical Rheumatology, 2013, 32 ( 11 ) :1641-1648.

[ 7 ] GBD 2016 Alcohol Collaborators. Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and teritories, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 [ J ] . Lancet, 2018.23:1015-1035.

[ 8 ] 中国营养学会编著 . 食物与健康—科学证据共识(2016) [ M ] . 人民卫生出版社,2016.

[ 9 ] Wood AM, Kaptoge S, Butterworth AS, et al.Risk thresholds for alcohol consumption: combined analysis of individual-participant data for 599912 current drinkers in 83 prospective studies [ J ] . Lancet, 2018, 391 ( 10129 ) :1513-1523.

[ 10 ] 中国营养学会 .《中国居民膳食指南》(2016 版) [ M ] . 北京 : 人民卫生出版社 ,2016.

[ 11 ] C. Roberts, S.P. Robinson.Alcohol concentration and carbonation of drinks: The effect on blood alcohol levels [ J ] .,2007:398-405.

[ 12 ] centers for disease control and prevention ( cdc )

.Fact Sheets - Alcohol and Caffeine.https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/caffeine-and-alcohol.htm

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