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一词:大家都知道“二手烟”有害,但你知道二手酒吗?

沪江英语 08-14

bystander [ 'ba st nd ]

n. 旁观者

[ en ] It's easy to imagine how second-hand smoke can impact an innocent bystander - most of us have probably inhaled the smoke from someone else's tobacco without wanting to. [ /en ] [ cn ] 很容易想象,二手烟会影响无辜的旁人 -- 我们中的大多数人可能非自愿地吸入过二手烟。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] But it's not the only habit that can affect others; 'second-hand drinking' is a thing, too. [ /en ] [ cn ] 但是不仅二手烟会影响别人," 二手酒 " 也会。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] It's not quite as literal, as it doesn't mean the alcohol you drink will end up in the bloodstream of another. [ /en ] [ cn ] 这不完全是字面上的意思,因为这说的不是你喝的酒会跑到别人的血液中去。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] But over the years it's become increasingly clear that second-hand drinking is a significant public health issue. [ /en ] [ cn ] 但是这些年来,越来越清楚地发现,二手酒也是严重的公众健康问题。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] Now, a study in the United States has placed its effects on par with second-hand smoking. [ /en ] [ cn ] 目前美国的一项研究发现,二手酒与二手烟影响相同。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] Using US national survey data from 2015, research has found that each year, one in five American adults - which is an estimated 53 million people - experience harm because of someone else's drinking. [ /en ] [ cn ] 通过研究 2015 年美国全国调查数据,研究发现每年有五分之一的美国成年人,约为 5300 万人,由于他人饮酒而遭受伤害。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] These harms include things like threats or harassment, which was the most commonly cited, as well as physical aggression, drunk driving, and even financial or family problems. [ /en ] [ cn ] 这些伤害包括最常提到的威胁和骚扰,以及身体攻击、酒驾,甚至是财政和家庭问题。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] What's more, the authors found that the burden of second-hand drinking was not experienced equally. [ /en ] [ cn ] 此外,研究的作者还发现,人们对二手酒负担的经历也不尽相同。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] Young people under the age of 25 were mostly on the receiving end, and in the year previous to the survey, some 21 percent of women and 23 percent of men said they experienced harm because of someone else's alcohol use. [ /en ] [ cn ] 不到 25 岁的年轻人通常是二手酒的受害者。在这项调查的前一年,约 21% 的女性和 23% 的男性称他们由于他人的酒精摄入而遭受伤害。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] For men, this harm was usually from a stranger and resulted in ruined property, vandalism, or physical aggression. [ /en ] [ cn ] 对男性来说,伤害通常来自陌生人,造成财产损失、故意破坏财物、以及身体攻击。 [ /cn ]

[ en ] But for women, the drinker tended to be a family member, causing financial issues or problems in the house. [ /en ] [ cn ] 但是对于女性来说,醉酒者通常是家庭成员,造成经济问题或是家庭问题。 [ /cn ]

今日词汇

n. 旁观者

从 by+stande 的构成 r,便能猜出这个词的意思。

an innocent bystander 无辜的旁观者

[ en ] I only wish I could be watching this as an uninvolved bystander. [ /en ] [ cn ] 我只希望能以吃瓜群众的身份作壁上观。 [ /cn ]

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相关标签 二手烟
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